Tag Name: <af:commandButton>
Java Class:
Component Type: oracle.adf.RichCommandButton
DEPRECATED: The commandButton component has been deprecated. Use the button component instead.

The commandButton component creates a button that, when pressed, will generate an action event on the server. The button can contain text, an image, or text and an image.

Note that when partialSubmit is set to true, the commandButton does support blocking (busy state) to prevent multiple actions from being launched until page is finished with its refresh.

This component will be excluded when the page is being displayed in emailable and printable modes.

Geometry Management

  • This component cannot be stretched by a parent layout component.
  • This component does not have support for stretching its children.


commandbutton screenshot
A commandButton component with text attribute set to "Submit".

more commandButton screenshots
A commandbutton component with icon and text attribute set, followed by a commandButton component with the icon attribute set.

Code Example(s)

A button that says "Enter" and that submits a form.

  <af:inputText value="Default input text" />
  <af:commandButton text="Enter"/>

A button which submits the form without doing any validation.

  <af:inputText value="Default input text"/>
  <af:commandButton text="Unvalidated Submit" immediate="true" />

Accessibility Guideline(s)

  • Buttons render screen reader accessible content in regular rich rendering mode. It does not require usage of the screen reader mode, which is currently in the process of being phased out. Either text, textAndAccessKey, or shortDesc must be defined.
    • All buttons and links (including menus and menu items) that support icons must have either text, textAndAccessKey, or shortDesc defined.
    • Normally the text or textAndAccessKey will be used as the label for the component.
    • When there is no text (like an icon only button), the shortDesc must be defined - the shortDesc will be used as the label for the component.
    • The text or shortDesc value should indicate the action that will take place and should make sense when read out of context. "Click Here" or "Use this Button" would not be acceptable. "Go to Index", "Print Content" or "Submit Request" are acceptable.
    • Multiple links or buttons that have the same result should contain the same text.
    • Unique links or buttons should have unique text.
  • icon attribute: When both icon and text are defined, the icon is decorative. Because the icon is decorative, it should not communicate any meaning beyond what is already expressed in the text attribute. When an icon is defined but there is no text, the icon is informative. In this case a shortDesc describing the function of the button must be defined, and the shortDesc is used as the alt text for the informative icon.

Supported Client Events for Client Behaviors

  • action (default)
  • blur
  • click
  • contextMenu
  • dblClick
  • focus
  • keyDown
  • keyPress
  • keyUp
  • mouseDown
  • mouseMove
  • mouseOut
  • mouseOver
  • mouseUp
  • propertyChange


Type Phases Description
javax.faces.event.ActionEvent Invoke Application,
Apply Request Values
Event delivered when the "action" of the component has been invoked; for example, by clicking on a button. The action may result in page navigation.
org.apache.myfaces.trinidad.event.ReturnEvent Apply Request Values Event delivered when the dialog has completed successfully.
org.apache.myfaces.trinidad.event.LaunchEvent Invoke Application,
Apply Request Values
Event delivered to prompt the command to launch a dialog.
org.apache.myfaces.trinidad.event.AttributeChangeEvent Invoke Application,
Apply Request Values
Event delivered to describe an attribute change. Attribute change events are not delivered for any programmatic change to a property. They are only delivered when a renderer changes a property without the application's specific request. An example of an attribute change event might include the width of a column that supported client-side resizing.


Name Type Supports EL? Description
accessKey char Yes a character used to gain quick access to this button.

If the same access key appears in multiple input fields in the same page of output, the rendering user agent will cycle among the elements accessed by the similar keys. Note that user agents are inconsistent about dealing with two links having same access key, and so the cycling behavior is dependent on what the user agent provides.

This attribute is sometimes referred to as the "mnemonic".

The character specified by this attribute must exist in the Text attribute of this button instance. If it does not, the user will receive no visual indication of the existence of the accessKey. The easiest, and most convenient way to specify both the text and the mnemonic together is to use textAndAccessKey.

Note that the accessKey is triggered by browser-specific and platform-specific modifier keys. It even has browser-specific meaning. For example, Internet Explorer will set focus when you press Alt+<accessKey>. Firefox sets focus on some operating systems when you press Alt+Shift+<accessKey>. Firefox on other operating systems sets focus when you press Control+<accessKey>. Refer to your browser's documentation for how it treats access keys.

action javax.el.MethodExpression Yes a reference to an action method sent by the command component, or the static outcome of an action. If the action starts with "dialog:", useWindow attribute must be set to true.
actionListener javax.faces.el.MethodBinding Only EL a method reference to an action listener
attributeChangeListener javax.el.MethodExpression Only EL a method reference to an attribute change listener. Attribute change events are not delivered for any programmatic change to a property. They are only delivered when a renderer changes a property without the application's specific request. An example of an attribute change events might include the width of a column that supported client-side resizing.
binding Only EL an EL reference that will store the component instance on a bean. This can be used to give programmatic access to a component from a backing bean, or to move creation of the component to a backing bean.
blocking boolean Yes Default Value: false

an attribute which if set to TRUE the component will start blocking user input when the action is initiated. The blocking will stop when a response is received from the server.
Not supported on the following renderkits:
clientComponent boolean Yes Default Value: false

whether a client-side component will be generated. A component may be generated whether or not this flag is set, but if client Javascript requires the component object, this must be set to true to guarantee the component's presence. Client component objects that are generated today by default may not be present in the future; setting this flag is the only way to guarantee a component's presence, and clients cannot rely on implicit behavior. However, there is a performance cost to setting this flag, so clients should avoid turning on client components unless absolutely necessary.
For the components outputText and outputFormatted, setting the clientComponent to true will render id attribute for the html DOM. This ID attribute can alternatively be generated by setting to "auto" in web.xml.
customizationId String Yes This attribute is deprecated. This attribute will be removed in the next release. Use the 'id' attribute instead.

This attribute is deprecated. The 'id' attribute should be used when applying persistent customizations. This attribute will be removed in the next release.
disabled boolean Yes Default Value: false

whether the button should be disabled. If disabled attribute is secured, it cannot be set on the client. If it is unsecure, please see "unsecure" attribute section about how to set it on the client.
icon String Yes the URI of an image to be displayed on the button. This attribute supports these various types of URIs:
  • absolute - an absolute path to the image, like ""
  • relative - a path located relatively to the source page, like "bullet.jpg"
  • context relative - a path relatively based on the web application's context root, like "/images/error.png"
  • server relative - a path relatively based on the web server by application name, like "//adf-richclient-demo-context-root/images/error.png"
iconPosition String Yes Valid Values: leading, trailing
Default Value: leading

an attribute specifying the position of the icon.
id String No the identifier for the component. Every component may be named by a component identifier that must conform to the following rules:
  • They must start with a letter (as defined by the Character.isLetter() method) or underscore ( _ ).
  • Subsequent characters must be letters (as defined by the Character.isLetter() method), digits as defined by the Character.isDigit() method, dashes ( - ), or underscores ( _ ). To minimize the size of responses generated by JavaServer Faces, it is recommended that component identifiers be as short as possible. If a component has been given an identifier, it must be unique in the namespace of the closest ancestor to that component that is a NamingContainer (if any).
immediate boolean Yes Default Value: false

whether data validation - client-side or server-side - will be skipped when events are generated by this component. When immediate is true, the command's action and ActionListeners, including the default ActionListener provided by the JavaServer Faces implementation, will be executed during Apply Request Values phase of the request processing lifecycle, rather than waiting until the Invoke Application phase. Because validation runs during Process Validators (after Apply Request Values, but before Invoke Application), setting immediate to true will skip validation.
inlineStyle String Yes the CSS styles to use for this component. This is intended for basic style changes. The inlineStyle is a set of CSS styles that are applied to the root DOM element of the component. Be aware that because of browser CSS precedence rules, CSS rendered on a DOM element takes precedence over external stylesheets like the skin file. Therefore skins will not be able to override what you set on this attribute. If the inlineStyle's CSS properties do not affect the DOM element you want affected, then you will have to create a skin and use the skinning keys which are meant to target particular DOM elements, like ::label or ::icon-style.
launchListener javax.el.MethodExpression Only EL a method reference to a launch listener
partialSubmit boolean Yes Default Value: false

whether the action should be done through a partial page submit or not. Default is false: no partial page submit; the full page will be refreshed. When set to true, the full page will not be refreshed. To re-render specific components on your page in response to the partial page submit, you have to tell ADF Faces. The easiest way to do this is with the partialTriggers attribute.
partialTriggers String[] Yes the IDs of the components that should trigger a partial update. This component will listen on the trigger components. If one of the trigger components receives an event that will cause it to update in some way, this component will request to be updated too. Identifiers are relative to the source component (this component), and must account for NamingContainers. If your component is already inside of a naming container, you can use a single colon to start the search from the root of the page, or multiple colons to move up through the NamingContainers - "::" will pop out of the component's naming container (or itself if the component is a naming container) and begin the search from there, ":::" will pop out of two naming containers (including itself if the component is a naming container) and begin the search from there, etc.
rendered boolean Yes Default Value: true

whether the component is rendered. When set to false, no output will be delivered for this component (the component will not in any way be rendered, and cannot be made visible on the client). If you want to change a component's rendered attribute from false to true using PPR, set the partialTrigger attribute of its parent component so the parent refreshes and in turn will render this component.
returnListener javax.el.MethodExpression Only EL a method reference to a return listener.This method is used to process dialog returnEvents which are generated as a result of either calling org.apache.myfaces.trinidad.context.RequestContext.returnFromDialog directly or declaratively through the use of a returnActionListener tag.
shortDesc String Yes the short description of the component. The shortDesc text may be used in two different ways, depending on the component.

For components with images, the shortDesc is often used to render an HTML alt attribute for the image. Please see the accessibility guidelines section for correct alt text usage of the shortDesc attribute.

shortDesc is also commonly used to render an HTML title attribute, which is used by user agents to display tooltip help text. In this case the behavior for the tooltip is controlled by the user agent, e.g. Firefox 2 truncates long tooltips. For form components, the shortDesc is displayed in a note window. For components that support the helpTopicId attribute and are not using the shortDesc as image alt text, it is recommended that helpTopicId is used instead of shortDesc as it is more flexible and provides more accessible descriptive text than the use of the title attribute.

styleClass String Yes a CSS style class to use for this component. The style class can be defined in your jspx page or in a skinning CSS file, for example, or you can use one of our public style classes, like 'AFInstructionText'.
text String Yes the textual label of the button.
textAndAccessKey String Yes an attribute that will simultaneously set both the "text" and "accessKey" attributes from a single value, using conventional ampersand ('&') notation.

For example, setting this attribute to "T&amp;ext" will set the text to "Text" and the access key to 'e'.

unsecure java.util.Set Yes A whitespace separated list of attributes whose values ordinarily can be set only on the server, but need to be settable on the client. Currently, this is supported only for the "disabled" attribute. Note that when you are able to set a property on the client, you will be allowed to by using the the .setProperty('attribute', newValue) method, but not the .setXXXAttribute(newValue) method. For example, if you have unsecure="disabled", then on the client you can use the method .setProperty('disabled', false), while the method .setDisabled(false) will not work and will provide a javascript error that setDisabled is not a function.
useWindow boolean Yes Default Value: false

whether processes launched by this command should be launched in a secondary browser dialog window. 'useWindow' requires that the "action" attribute start with "dialog:". Set useWindow to 'false' for the outcome of the action to be targeted to the existing window.
visible boolean Yes Default Value: true

the visibility of the component. If it is "false", the component will be hidden on the client. Unlike "rendered", this does not affect the lifecycle on the server - the component may have its bindings executed, etc. - and the visibility of the component can be toggled on and off on the client, or toggled with PPR. When "rendered" is false, the component will not in any way be rendered, and cannot be made visible on the client. In most cases, use the "rendered" property instead of the "visible" property.
Not supported on the following renderkits: org.apache.myfaces.trinidad.core
windowEmbedStyle String Yes Valid Values: window, inlineDocument
Default Value: window

Controls the embedded style of launched window. The "window" option will indicate a new browser window. The "inlineDocument" option will indicate an inline popup window. The default value is "window".
windowHeight int Yes the height of the window, if this command is used to launch a window.
windowModalityType String Yes Valid Values: applicationModal, modeless
Default Value: modeless

Controls the modality of the launched Dialog. The default is modeless.
windowWidth int Yes the width of the window, if this command is used to launch a window.